Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender and Queer Pride Month (LGBTQ Pride Month) is currently celebrated each year in the month of June to commemorate the 1969 Stonewall uprising in Greenwich Village. On June 28th, 1969, the Stonewall Riots (also known as the Stonewall Uprising or Stonewall Rebellion) began following a police raid on the Stonewall Inn, one of Greenwich Village, New York's best known LGBTQ clubs. Protests and conflicts with police lasted six days and have come to be called the Stonewall riots. This site was declared a National Monument by Presidential Proclamation. The Stonewall uprising is regarded by many as the most important catalyst for the dramatic expansion of the movement to outlaw discriminatory laws and practices against LGBTQ + Americans.
Stonewall Inn Johannes Jordan/Wikimedia Commons
Today, LGBTQ Pride Month events attract millions of participants around the world and has grown to a month-long series of events such as parades, picnics, parties and concerts. All events focus on Pride month’s mission to recognize the impact that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer individuals have had on shaping a new cultural awareness of a population that was largely ostracized. Many legal changes for the LGBT community have been made since the police raided the Stonewall Inn nearly fifty years ago. However, continuing LGBTQ+ civil and equality rights issues still remain relevant today.
Presidential Messages and Proclamations
In 1998, President Clinton issued Executive Order 13087 (PDF) expanding equal opportunity employment in the Federal government by prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. On June 11, 1999 President Clinton issued Proclamation No. 7203 (PDF) for Gay and Lesbian Pride Month:
Thirty years ago this month, at the Stonewall Inn in New York City, a courageous group of citizens resisted harassment and mistreatment, setting in motion a chain of events that would become known as the Stonewall Uprising and the birth of the modern gay and lesbian civil rights movement. Gays and lesbians, their families and friends, celebrate the anniversary of Stonewall every June in America as Gay and Lesbian Pride Month.
Ten years later, on June 1, 2009, President Obama issued Proclamation No. 8387 (PDF) for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month. In this proclamation the President pointed to the contributions made by LGBTQ Americans both in promoting equal rights to all regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Law Library of Congress has compiled a comprehensive inventory of Public Laws, Presidential Proclamations and congressional resolutions related to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Transgender and Queer Pride month.
For your research needs, check out UConn Law Library's own Research Guide on Sexuality, Gender Identity , and the Law as well as some LGBTQ+ Rights Blogs:
For more information on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer month see: